Volume 5, Issue 2 (Journal of Ergonomics 2017)                   Iran J Ergon 2017, 5(2): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page

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Khanmohammadi E, Tabatabai Ghomsheh F, Osqueizadeh R. Review the Effectiveness of Ergonomic Interventions in Reducing the Incidence of Musculoskeletal Problems of Workers in Fatal Truck Assembly Hall. Iran J Ergon. 2017; 5 (2) :1-8
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-345-en.html
Department of Ergonomics, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (USWR), Tehran, Iran , tabatabai@aut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10325 Views)

Introduction: Different studies around the world have shown that Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) are the causes of lost time, absenteeism, and disability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and to evaluate their ergonomic risk factors and determine the effect of ergonomic intervention on awkward postures among workers of Saipa Diesel Truck manufacturing plants.
Methods: This interventional study (Before-after) was conducted on 130 workers of 2 largest truck-manufacturing plants in Iran. The prevalence rate of MSDs and ergonomic risk factors was assessed by valid and reliable translated Body Map Questionnaire (BM) and Quick Exposure Check (QEC) method, respectively.
Results: According to Body Map results, 87.5% of participants had MSDs at least in one of their eleven body regions during the previous year, before study. The highest prevalence rate of MSDs was observed in lower back (51.5%) and foot area (18.5%). Chi square test revealed that the prevalence rate of MSDs was higher among those with higher QEC risk level (P < 0.001). Results also indicated the significant effect of ergonomic interventions on reducing the prevalence rate of MSDs and QEC risk level (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: This study showed that the prevalence rate of MSDs and QEC risk levels among workers was significantly high. Therefore, it can be mentioned that the need for early ergonomic interventions is felt in all industrial units of these truck-manufacturing plants.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/10/22 | Accepted: 2017/08/28 | ePublished: 2017/08/28

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