دوره 7، شماره 2 - ( فصلنامه تخصصی انجمن ارگونومی و مهندسی عوامل انسانی ایران 1398 )                   جلد 7 شماره 2 صفحات 62-71 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Masoumi A S, Akoochakian M. The Effect of Duration of Smartphone Use on Head and Shoulders Posture of Young Adults Aged 20-35 Years. Iran J Ergon. 2019; 7 (2) :62-71
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-638-fa.html
معصومی آزاده سادات، آکوچکیان مهدیه. تأثیر مدت استفاده از تلفن همراه هوشمند بر وضعیت سر و شانه افراد 20 تا 35‌ساله. مجله ارگونومی. 1398; 7 (2) :62-71

URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-638-fa.html

استادیار، گروه علوم‌ورزشی، پردیس کیش، دانشگاه تهران، کیش، ایران ، mahdie.akoochakian@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (2728 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: با توجه به فراگیر‌شدن روزافزون تلفن‌های همراه هوشمند می‌توان آن را به‌عنوان مسئله‌ای‏ مهم و تأثیرگذار در همه ابعاد زندگی بررسی کرد. هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر مدت استفاده از تلفن همراه هوشمند بر وضعیت سر و شانه جوانان ۲۰ تا ۳۵ سال است.
روش کار: جامعه آماری این پژوهش نیمه‌تجربی، جوانان ۲۰ تا ۳۵ سال دارای تلفن همراه هوشمند، ساکن جزیره کیش در سال ۱۳۹۷ بود. نمونه آماری ۵۰ نفر (۲۵ مرد و ۲۵ زن) بود که به صورت داوطلبانه و هدفمند انتخاب و با استفاده از فرم وابستگی اعتیادگونه به تلفن همراه هوشمند (کشور کره جنوبی) به دو گروه کاربر کوتاه‌مدت و بلند‌مدت تقسیم شدند. در بررسی وضعیت اندام فوقانی وضعیت شانه، توسط شاخص کتف و وضعیت قرارگیری سر، توسط عکس‌برداری نیم‌رخ بدن و نرم‌افزار کینوا  (ساخت کشور فرانسه) اندازه‌گیری شد. از آزمون t مستقل برای‏ مقایسه متغیرها در دو گروه استفاده و داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه ۲۲ تجزیه‌ و‌ تحلیل شد. ۰/۰۵>P معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج حاکی از اختلاف معنی‌دار میان وضعیت اندام فوقانی در دو گروه کاربر کوتاه‌مدت و کاربر بلند‌مدت استفاده از تلفن همراه هوشمند (۰/۰۳۳=P) و همچنین وضعیت شانه میان زنان و مردان (۰/۰۰۲=P) بود، اما درمورد وضعیت قرارگیری سر اختلاف معنی‏‌داری بین زنان و مردان وجود نداشت (۰/۴۳۶=P).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به اختلاف معنی‌دار دو گروه در مورد وضعیت اندام فوقانی می‌توان از نتایج پژوهش برای‏ آگاهی، پیشگیری و بهبود وضعیت اندام فوقانی بهره برد.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1398/3/30 | پذیرش: 1398/6/4 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1398/8/20

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