Write your message
Volume 8, Issue 3 (Iranian Journal of Ergonomics 2020)                   Iran J Ergon 2020, 8(3): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafari-Nodoushan A, Bagheri G, Mosavi Nodoushan F. Effect of COVID-19 virus on Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders of Faculty Members of Yazd University. Iran J Ergon 2020; 8 (3) :1-12
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-745-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Meybod University, Meybod, Iran , a.jafari@meybod.ac.ir
2- MSc Student, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Meybod University, Meybod, Iran
3- PhD Student, Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (6323 Views)
Background and Objective: Faculty Members of the university have a fundamental role in education and its quality. Working conditions of the faculty members have made them face severe musculoskeletal disorders. The spread of the COVID-19 virus, the closure of universities and the virtual education have made working conditions of the faculty members more difficult than before. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the virus on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of the faculty members of the university and the extraction of variables affecting the disorders.
Methods: This descriptive-survey study was conducted in 2020 on 220 faculty members of Yazd University who were selected by the simple random sampling method. Data were collected using the standardized Nordic questionnaire in two stages before and after the spread of the virus and were analyzed in SPSS 25 by paired sample t-test, independent t-test, and analysis of variance.
Results: Musculoskeletal disorders after the spread of the virus in most organs have increased significantly, so that frequency percentage in the neck for the three campuses has increased from 36%, 40%, and 31% to 55%, 52%, and 44 %. There is a significant relationship between gender, work experience, and teaching method with the prevalence of disorders. Most disorders were in the back, neck, and knees.
Conclusion: A small percentage of faculty members perform sports activities and daily exercises that by planning on them can reduce the disorders. The university can also prevent the centralization of education at a specific time by dividing the virtual education during the day and week and reduce the disorders.     
Full-Text [PDF 601 kb]   (3853 Downloads) |   |   Extended Abstract (HTML)  (1183 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Other Cases
Received: 2020/08/23 | Accepted: 2020/10/18 | ePublished: 2020/10/27

1. Rajabi R, Latifi S, Shirazi A, Tabrizi YM. Survey of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in University Employees with an Emphasis on their Physical Activity Status. Sport Physiol Manag Invest. 2012;4(1):55-.
2. Gorgi Z, Assadollahi Z, Ghaffarian A, Rezaeian M. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the employees of office systems at Rafsanjan university of medical sciences in 2012. J Rafsanjan Uni Medl Sci. 2014; 12(12): 991-1002. [Article]
3. Motamedzadeh M, Golmohammadi R, Soltanian AR, Chang R. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders as examined by the Hand Activity Level and Threshold Limit Value (HAL-TLV) method and the Human Body Map and the implementation of an ergonomic intervention at a tea factory. J Occup Hygiene Engin. 2015; 2(2): 62-71. [Article]
4. Latifi S, Rajabi R, Lahmi MA, Rasoolzadeh Y. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among non-athlete female office workers and its relationship with postural evaluation score by RULA method. Res Sport Sci. 2010; 25: 77-90.
5. Khakkar S, Farhang Dehghan S, Haji Esmaeil Hajar F, Ghanbary Sartang A, Abedi M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among the office staff of a communication service company and its relationship to work load and occupational fatigue. J Prevent Med. 2018; 5(1): 1-11. [Article]
6. Åkesson I, Johnsson B, Rylander L, Moritz U, Skerfving S. Musculoskeletal disorders among female dental personnel-clinical examination and a 5-year follow-up study of symptoms. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1999; 72(6): 395-403. [DOI:10.1007/s004200050391] [PMID]
7. Riyahi A, Pooryamanesh L, Tanha F, Moradzadeh R. Studying musculoskeletal disorders prevalence and its associated factors among education office employees in Arak in 2016-17: A Descriptive Study. J Rafsanjan Uni Med Sci. 2019; 17 (10): 913-24. [Article]
8. Chiu TTW, Ku WY, Lee MH, Sum WK, Wan MP, Wong CY, et al. A study on the prevalence and risk factors for neck pain among university academic staff in Hong Kong. J Occup. 2002; 12(2): 77-91. [DOI:10.1023/A:1015008513575] [PMID]
9. Sirajudeen MS, Alaidarous M, Waly M, Alqahtani M. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among faculty members of college of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. Int J Health Sci. 2018; 12(4): 18-25. [Article] [PubMed]
10. Zakerian SA, Abbaszadeh M, Janani L, Kazemi Z, Safarain MH. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among ultrasound specialists and identifying their work-related risk factors. J Health Field. 2015; 3(2): 33-42. [Google Scholar]
11. Rowshani Z, Mortazavi SB, Khavanin A, Motamedzade M, Hajizade E, Mohseni M. The Effect of postures on musculoskeletal disorders in work places. J Kermanshah Uni Med Sci. 2012; 16(5): 367-374. [Google Scholar]
12. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet. 2020; 395: 497-506. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5]
13. Zangrillo A, Beretta L, Silvani P, Colombo S, Scandroglio AM, Dell'Acqua A, et al. Fast reshaping of intensive care unit facilities in a large metropolitan hospital in Milan, Italy: facing the COVID-19 pandemic emergency. Critical care and resuscitation: J Austral Academy Critic Care Med. 2020; 22(2): 91-94. [Google Scholar]
14. Lauer SA, Grantz KH, Bi Q, Jones FK, Zheng Q, Meredith HR, et al. The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application. Ann Intern Med. 2020; 172(9): 577-582. [DOI:10.7326/M20-0504] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Alizadeh Fard S, Saffarinia M. The prediction of mental health based on the anxiety and the social cohesion that caused by Coronavirus. Soc Psychol Res. 2020; 36(9): 129-141. [Article]
16. Saebnia, S., Karimi, F. A survey the Impact of Corona Disease (Covid-19) on Business Performance of Small and medium businesses of Ardabil province. J Account Manag Vis. 2020; 3(24): 83-93. [Google Scholar]
17. Viner RM, Russell SJ, Croker H, Packer J, Ward J, Stansfield C, et al. School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2020; 4(5): 397-404. [DOI:10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30095-X]
18. Hamidi Y, Shamsaei F, Beglari M, Toosi Z, Farhadian M. The Relationship between the Organizational Conflict and the Depression in the Faculty Members of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 1396. Iran J Ergonom. 2018; 5(3): 29-35. [DOI:10.30699/jergon.5.3.29]
19. Jefferson RN, Arnold LW. Effects of virtual education on academic culture: perceived advantages and disadvantages. US-China Education Review. 2009; 6(3): 61-66. [Google Scholar]
20. Motallebi SMM. Impacts of Coronavirus Covid-19 Pandemic on National Production Growth in 1399 SH. Soc Impact Assess. 2020; 1(2): 183-206. [Google Scholar]
21. Eskandarian G. Assessing the Impacts of Coronavirus on Lifestyles. Soc Impact Assess. 2020 ;1(2): 65-85. [Google Scholar]
22. Imani Jaajarmi H. Social Impacts of the Spread of Coronavirus in Iranian Society. Social Impact Assessment. 2020; 1(2): 87-103 [Google Scholar]
23. Mirmohammadi ST, Gook O, Mousavianasab SN, Mahmoodi Sharafe H. Investigating the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in melli bank staff and determining its relationship with office tension in North Khorasan province in 2019. Iran J Ergonom. 2020; 7(4): 31-39. [DOI:10.30699/jergon.7.4.31]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ergonomics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb |