دوره 8، شماره 1 - ( فصلنامه تخصصی انجمن ارگونومی و مهندسی عوامل انسانی ایران 1399 )                   جلد 8 شماره 1 صفحات 74-88 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Salehi sahlabadi A, Riazat A, Sury S, Saffarinia N, Damerchi Z, Pouyakian M. Investigating the Causes of Nursing Errors and Its Reduction Countermeasures in Recent Studies: A review. Iran J Ergon. 2020; 8 (1) :74-88
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-725-fa.html
صالحی سهل آبادی علی، ریاضت افسانه، سوری شعری، صفاری نیا نگار، دمرچی زهرا، پویا کیان مصطفی. مروری بر علل خطاهای پرستاری و راهکارهای کاهش آن در مطالعات گذشته. مجله ارگونومی. 1399; 8 (1) :74-88

URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-725-fa.html


استادیار، گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفه‌ای و ایمنی کار، دانشکده بهداشت و ایمنی، دانشگاه علوم‌ پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران ، pouykian@sbmu.ac.ir
چکیده:   (677 مشاهده)

زمینه و هدف: خطاهای پرستاری تهدیدی جدی برای حفظ ایمنی بیمار است که تکرار آن می‌تواند به افزایش نگرانی عمومی و سلب اعتماد از دریافت‌کنندگان خدمات نظام سلامت و امتناع از روند درمان منجر شود؛ از این‌رو در مطالعه حاضر به بررسی انواع خطاها و علل بروز آن در پرستاران، دلایل گزارش‌ ندادن آن و راهکارهای کاهش خطاها پرداخته ‌شده است.
روش کار: پژوهش حاضر مطالعه‌ای مروری-روایتی بر مقالات انگلیسی و فارسی در زمینه خطاهای پرستاران در بازه زمانی (۲۰۱۸-۲۰۰۸) بوده که در سال ۱۳۹۸ انجام ‌شده است. جست‌وجوی مقالات در سه پایگاه داده‌ای داخلی مانند SID، Magiran و Iran Medex و در پنج پایگاه خارجی Google scholar، PubMed، Scopus، Science Direct، Springer انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: بیشترین خطاهای پرستاری از نوع خطاهای عملکردی با ۲۶ مورد بوده است. عوامل ایجادکننده خطرات، به عوامل ایجادکننده خطاهای مرتبط با پرستار، سازمان، بخش و بیمار تقسیم‌بندی شده است. از دلایل گزارش‌ ندادن خطاهای پرستاران می‌توان به ترس از عواقب، مجازات و سوء‌رفتار سازمانی اشاره کرد که ۳۸ درصد از مطالعات بررسی‌شده به این مورد اشاره کرده‌‌اند. از راهکارهای کاهش خطاها می‌توان به مواردی مانند آموزش پرستاران و کنترل‌های مدیریتی اشاره کرد.
نتیجه گیری: خطاهای پرستاری از راه‌های مختلف مطالعه شده است. این مطالعات نه‌ تنها برای شناسایی خطاهای پرستاران بوده، بلکه با هدف تقویت دانش و آگاهی در زمینه علل احتمالی و عوامل پیشگیری از آن انجام‌ شده است. فواید این دیدگاه مقالات، به ارائه خدمات مناسب مراکز درمانی، برنامه‌ریزی صحیح برای بیمارستان‌ها توسط مدیران و پیشرفت آموزش‌های پرستاران منجر می‌شود. با این ‌حال در مطالعات کمتر از روش‌های نوین شناسایی خطرات استفاده‌ شده است.

متن کامل [PDF 687 kb]   (205 دریافت) |   |   متن کامل (HTML)  (11 مشاهده)  
خطاهای پرستاری از راه‌های مختلف مطالعه شده است. این مطالعات نه‌ تنها برای شناسایی خطاهای پرستاران بوده، بلکه با هدف تقویت دانش و آگاهی در زمینه علل احتمالی و عوامل پیشگیری از آن انجام‌ شده است.

نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1399/3/17 | پذیرش: 1399/4/14 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1399/4/14

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