دوره 7، شماره 1 - ( فصلنامه تخصصی انجمن ارگونومی و مهندسی عوامل انسانی ایران 1398 )                   جلد 7 شماره 1 صفحات 28-36 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Chahraghran F, Tabatabaei S. Study of the Relationship Between Ergonomic Risk Level and Job Stress in the Employees of a Food Production Plant. Iran J Ergon. 2019; 7 (1) :28-36
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-587-fa.html
چهاراقران فاطمه، طباطبایی شهناز. بررسی ارتباط بین سطح ریسک ارگونومیکی و تنیدگی شغلی در کارکنان یک کارخانه تولید مواد غذایی. مجله ارگونومی. 1398; 7 (1) :28-36

URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-587-fa.html


کارشناسی ارشد ارگونومی، گروه ارگونومی، دانشکده بهداشت و ایمنی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران ، fchaharaghran@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (495 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: با توجه به این‌که اختلالات اسکلتی ـ عضلانی و تنیدگی شغلی از مهم‌ترین دلایل از کارافتادگی، بروز مشکلات جسمانی و روانی در کارکنان است بررسی دلایل ایجاد کنند‏ه آنها اهمیت زیادی دارد. هدف این پژوهش بررسی ارتباط بین سطح ریسک ارگونومیکی و تنیدگی شغلی در کارکنان یک کارخانه تولید مواد غذایی است.
روش کار: این پژوهش از نوع توصیفی ـ تحلیلی با نمونه‌ای ۲۰۰ نفری از کارکنان تولید و بسته‌بندی یک کارخانه تولید مواد غذایی است که در سال ۱۳۹۷ انجام پذیرفت. برای تعیین سطح ریسک ارگونومیکی از روش QEC، برای سنجش میزان تنیدگی شغلی از پرسشنامه اسیپو و برای تحلیل داده‌ها آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (آزمون‌های t و F) استفاده شد. 
یافته‌ها: میزان سطح ریسک ارگونومیکی در نواحی گردن، شانه و مچ دست وضعیت نامطلوبی دارد. ایستگاهای کاری مستلزم اصلاح در آیند‏ه نزدیک هستند. بین سطح ریسک ارگونومیکی و متغیرهای دموگرافیک جنسیت و تحصیلات با تنیدگی شغلی ارتباط معنی‌داری وجود دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: وضعیت ارگونومیکی نامطلوب ایستگاه‌های کاری در کارخانه مواد غذایی استرس شغلی کارکنان را در بخش‌های تولید و بسته‌بندی افزایش داده است. بنابراین طراحی مناسب ایستگاه‌های کاری و رعایت اصول ارگونومیکی در بهبود سلامت جسمانی و روانی کارکنان مؤثر است.

 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي

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