Volume 6, Issue 2 (Journal of Ergonomics 2018)                   J Ergon 2018, 6(2): 46-54 | Back to browse issues page

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heidarimoghadam R, Shabnai M, Lotfi Y, Ghasemi F, Mohammadi Y. A study of hand anthropometry dimensional on middle-aged women and male in Hamadan. J Ergon. 2018; 6 (2) :46-54
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-511-en.html
MSc in Ergonomics, School of Public Health, Member of the Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , mehrane.shabani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1286 Views)
Introduction: One of the factors affecting carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the lack of coordination and appropriateness of these tools. Designing a handy tool helps with a better performance, befitting and less fatigue. In this study, anthropometric data on the hands (right and left) of women and men were collected.
Materials & Methods: This research was descriptive and 576 people participated in this study; 10 anthropometric measurements of the hand according to the principles of measurement of Pheasant were measured by digital caliper under the same conditions. The measured anthropometric dimensions were the length of the hands and palms, the width of the hands and palms, the length of the fingers (m1-m2-m3-m4-m5) and the maximum power grip. Descriptive indices such as percentile 5, 50 and 95, maximum and minimum, mean and standard deviation were calculated using SPSS software.
Results: 290 women and 286 men participated in this study. Mean and standard deviation of age was (40.58 ± 9.95), height (1.66 ± 1.14) and BMI (26.85 ± 4.50). 90.8% were right handed and (9.2%) were left handed. The mean difference in length of hand, palm length, hand width, thumb length, middle finger length, small finger length, maximum power grip of women and men were statistically significant (P<0.01). All dimensions of the hand in men were larger than women.
 Conclusion: Anthropometric dimensions are influenced by factors such as gender, age, genetics, and even type of nutrition, occupation, and other factors. The size of the dimensions of the hands of women and men are different. Anthropometric database of two communities should be used to design handheld devices that are commonly used by both women and men. The findings can be used to design and redesign any hand tools and improve the convenience of users.

 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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