Volume 2, Issue 2 (Journal of Ergonomics 2014)                   Iran J Ergon 2014, 2(2): 67-74 | Back to browse issues page

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Ziaei M, Yarmohammadi H, Karamimatin B, Yarmohammadi S, Nazari Z, Gharagozlou F. Prevalence and risk factors of occupational burnout among nurses of a hospital in Kermanshah in 2013. Iran J Ergon. 2014; 2 (2) :67-74
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-109-en.html
Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. , gharagozlouf@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (16091 Views)
Background: Nurses’ Burnout can lead to increasing absenteeism and also decreasing energy and quality of service that provided by them. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of occupational burnout and its related factors among nurses of a hospital in Kermanshah city in 2013. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical study 189 nurses were selected randomly. Data were collected by demographic questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The gathered data were analyzed by Pearson, Independent T-test and ANOVA in statistical level of p≤0.05. Results: Mean score of occupational burnout was 61.89. 39.2% nurses reported high emotional exhaustion, 37.6% high depersonalization and 73.5% of them had low personal accomplishment. There were statistical relationship between emotional exhaustion with employment status (p=0.015) and educational degree (p=0.041), between depersonalization with employment status (p=0.022) and working shift (p=0.023), and also between personal accomplishment with age (p=0.010), working experience (p=0.002) and shift working (p=0.045). Conclusion: The level of nurses’ occupational burnout was average to high. The causes may be high workload, unsafe and boring work environment and high stress. It can be increased the commitment, positive sense to work and personal accomplishment can be reinforced by correct management of human resources including the determination of duties and strategies according to nurses’ ability, new approaches for encouragement and motivation as well as running stress management workshops.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/07/2 | Accepted: 2014/08/31 | ePublished: 2014/09/24

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