Write your message
Volume 6, Issue 1 (Journal of Ergonomics 2018)                   Iran J Ergon 2018, 6(1): 65-74 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Homayounfar M, Fadaei Eshkiki M, Sedaghat R. The effect of safety management system practices, ethical leadership and self-efficacy on safety behaviour of workers in hard and harmful jobs in manufacturing industries of Guilan province . Iran J Ergon 2018; 6 (1) :65-74
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-505-en.html
1- Assistant Professor in Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad Univerdity, Rasht, Iran
2- Assistant Professor in Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad Univerdity, Rasht, Iran , fadaei@iaurasht.ac.ir
3- MA of Excecutive Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad Univerdity, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (8727 Views)
Background: Safety and safety behaviors, especially in hard and harmful jobs are among the most critical issues ahead manufacturing industries in developing countries. This research has been developed to investigate the affecting elements on safety behaviors of workers in hard and harmful jobs in manufacturing industries of Guilan province.
Methods: The method of this research is descriptive and its purpose is practical. The statistical population of the research includes workers in hard and harmful jobs in casting and pressing department of manufacturing industries of Guilan province were 384 out of them were chosen as sample through non-random sampling and using Morgan table due to the unavailability of the people and, required data were collected using the questionnaire. After validity (content) and reliability test of the questionnaire and describing the research variables using SPSS, the hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling method and based on LISREL 8.5.
Results: Findings indicate that the effect of safety management system practices on safety compliance and motivation; ethical leadership on safety acceptance and participation; self-efficacy on safety motivation and acceptance; and safety compliance on safety acceptance and participation are verified; however the effect of safety management system practic  on safety compliance, self-efficacy on safety participation and ethical leadership on safety acceptance do not verified. The results indicate that the model variables explains 68.8% of safety behavior variations.
Conclusion: Self efficacy has the highest indirect effect on safety behavior (safety acceptance and participation) which both of these effects mediate by safety motivation. Thus, empowering the self-efficacy will increase safety behaviors.

 
Full-Text [PDF 915 kb]   (5445 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Other Cases
Received: 2018/05/18 | Accepted: 2018/07/29 | ePublished: 2018/07/29

References
1. Shackleton R. An Examination of Different Measures of Work Experience, and the Relationship between Previous Experience and Safety dissertation. Christchurch New Zealand: University of Canterbury; 2016.
2. Bouten L, Hoozée S. Let's do it safely: How Altrad Balliauw configured a package of control systems. J Clean Prod. 2016;136:172-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.01.105]
3. Mahdinia M, Arsanqjang S, Sadeghi A, Malakouti J, Karimi A. Development and validation of a questionnaire for safety behavior assessment. Iran Occup Health. 2016;13(2):92-102.
4. tamin.ir homepage on the Internt. Tehran: Social Security Organization. 2016 Jun 15; Available from:
5. Heinrich HW. Industrial accident prevention: a scientific approach. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1931.
6. Khaleghinejad A, Ziaaldini M. Relationship between employees' safety climate and safety performance with respect to mediating effect of safety knowledge and safety motivation in Sarcheshmeh copper complex. Health and Safety at Work. 2015;5(4):69-86.
7. Chen CF, Chen SC. Measuring the effects of Safety Management System practices, morality leadership and self-efficacy on pilots' safety behaviors: Safety motivation as a mediator. Safety Science. 2014;62:376-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.ssci.2013.09.013]
8. Navidi MM. Behavioural safety in work environment. Andisheh Gostar-e Saipa, 2012;126:76-7.
9. Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Mohammadi F, Tehrani H. A review of studies in the field of knowledge and safe behaviors of workers in Iran. J Health Lit. 2016;1(1):25-38.
10. Iranzadeh S, Soltanifesaghandi G. Measuring Cause and Effect Relations among the Organizational Factors Affecting the Performance of Industry Safety Based on Fuzzy DEMATEL Method. Iran Occup Health. 2016;13(1):27-37.
11. Rahimi Pordanjani T, Mohamadzade Ebrahimi A. Self-efficacy and self-regulation predicted employee's occupational accidents in an industrial company. Occupational Medicine. 2016;7(3):1-10.
12. Arshadi N, Ahmadi E, Etemadi A. The effect of the safety climate and conscientiousness on the safety performance with mediating role of motivation. Journal of Psychology Models and Methods. 2011;2(5):101-16.
13. Rezaei R, Jamshidi N. Study of safety behavior against workplace harmful factors in Township of Zanjan. Journal of Health Promotion Management. 2015;4(4):14-21.
14. Elyasi M, Karimi Govarashki MH, Saedi Basmanj AR. Key success factors and bottlenecks of the safety management system in airlines companies. Journal of Standarization Management and Quality. 2012;2(4):58-69.
15. Behrouz MS, Hamedani A. The role of safety management system, health and environment in improving industrial processes and reducing the accidents. Way of Health, Safety and Environment. 2014;3(3):9-15.
16. Taghizadeh H, Sltani Fasghandis GR. The Role of Identification & Ethical Beliefs of Employees at Functional Results of Ethical Leadership. Ethics in Science and Technology. 2016;10(4):97-106.
17. Babalola MT, Stouten J, Euwema MC, Ovadje F. The Relation Between Ethical Leadership and Workplace Conflicts The Mediating Role of Employee Resolution Efficacy. Journal of Management. 2016;44(5):2037-63. [DOI:10.1177/0149206316638163]
18. Chen ASY, Hou YH. The effects of ethical leadership, voice behavior and climates for innovation on creativity: A moderated mediation examination. The Leadership Quarterly. 2016;27(1):1-13. [DOI:10.1016/j.leaqua.2015.10.007]
19. Mir Kamali SMA, Karami MR. Study of Relation between Ethic Leadership Perception of Managers and Personnel Performance. Journal of Development Evaluation Management. 2016;24:11-22.
20. Khalaveh E, Mahdad A. Predicting of Perceived Job Security & Organizational Trust through Ethical Leadership & Adherence to Psychological Contract. Ethics in Science and Technology. 2016;10(4):37-44.
21. Ghaed Rahmati M, Asadi M, Shir-Alipour A. A comparison between male and female students in self-efficacy meta-analysis. Journal of Instruction and Evolution. 2013;6(22):87-97.
22. Ebrahimi H, Khamesan A, Pakdaman M. Construction and Validation of Smoking Abstinence Self - Efficacy Scale. Journal of Applied Psychological Research. 2014;5(3):95-110.
23. Mirmohamad Ali M, bahiraee A, Rahimi A, Hashemzadeh M, Sohrabi N, Sohrabi Z. Effect of educational package on breastfeeding self-efficacy in postpartum period. Payesh. 2014;13(2):221-8.
24. Saffari M, Sanaeinasab H, Rashidi Jahan H, Purtaghi GH, Pakpour A. Happiness, Self-efficacy and Academic Achievement among Students of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. J Med Educ Dev. 2014;7(13):45-56.
25. Mohammadi Zeydi I, Heydarnia AR, Niknami SA. Safety climate measurement at workplace: development, validity and reliability. Payesh. 2011;10(2):157-65.
26. bazresikar.mcls.gov.ir homepage on the Internt. Tehran: Part Two: Hard and harmful businesses. Jul 30, 2018; Available from: https://bazresikar.mcls.gov.ir/fa/question/hardwork
27. Cheng BS, Chou LF, Farh JL. A triad model of paternalistic leadership: its constructs and measurement. Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies. 2000;14:3-64. [DOI:10.1037/t35288-000]
28. Schwarzer R, Jerusalem M. Generalized self-efficacy scale. In: Weinman, J., Wright, S., Johnston, M. (Eds.), Measures in Health Psychology: A User's Portfolio. Causal and Control Beliefs. NFER-NELSON, Windsor, UK. 1995:35-37.
29. Neal A, Griffin MA. A study of the lagged relationships among safety climate, safety motivation, safety behavior, and accidents at the individual and group levels. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2006; 91(4):946-953. [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.91.4.946]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ergonomics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb |