Write your message
Volume 6, Issue 1 (Journal of Ergonomics 2018)                   Iran J Ergon 2018, 6(1): 50-57 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kiani F, Rahimi Pordanjani T, Mohamadzadeh Ebrahimi A. The relationship between occupational stress and health consequences among the workers in regards with the perceived organizational support . Iran J Ergon 2018; 6 (1) :50-57
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-500-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Boroujen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujen, Iran , fariba.kiani64@gmail.com
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran
Abstract:   (8643 Views)
Background: The majority of research have led to interventions such as stress management design and have neglected the role of psychosocial factors in occupational stress. The aim of current research was to the relationship between occupational stress and health consequences among the workers in regards with the perceived organizational support.  
Methods: 211 individuals of Isfahan Steel Company were selected according to the stratified random sampling method and completed questionnaires about demography characteristics, Occupational stress, incident reporting rate and perceived organizational support. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive index and multiple regression analysis using SPSS18.
Results: Results showed that there were significant relationships among perceived organizational support, Occupational stress and incident reporting rate (P<0.05).  Also, hierarchy regression analysis showed that the relationship between Occupational stress and incident reporting rate was partially mediated by perceived organizational support (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that perceived organizational support can modify the relationship between occupational stress and involvement in work accidents, and as a result, employees are less involved in risk behaviors and accidents are less caused by occupational stress.
Full-Text [PDF 285 kb]   (5221 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2018/05/11 | Accepted: 2018/08/12 | ePublished: 2018/08/12

References
1. Rehman SU, Khan MA, Afzal H, Akhter W, Imran A. Stress in banker's life: Demands-control model as predictors of employee's activity participation. Afr. J. Bus. Manage. 2010;4(9):1679-90.
2. Mcfarlane AC. The long‐term costs of traumatic stress: intertwined physical and psychological consequences. World Psychiatry. 2010;9(1):3-10. [DOI:10.1002/j.2051-5545.2010.tb00254.x]
3. Smith TD, Hughes K, DeJoy DM, Dyal MA. Assessment of relationships between work stress, work-family conflict, burnout and firefighter safety behavior outcomes. Safety Science. 2018;103:287-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.ssci.2017.12.005]
4. Junne F, Michaelis M, Rothermund E, Stuber F, Gündel H, Zipfel S, Rieger MA. The Role of Work-Related Factors in the Development of Psychological Distress and Associated Mental Disorders: Differential Views of Human Resource Managers, Occupational Physicians, Primary Care Physicians and Psychotherapists in Germany. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(3):559. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph15030559]
5. Khamisa N, Peltzer K, Ilic D, Oldenburg B. Effect of personal and work stress on burnout, job satisfaction and general health of hospital nurses in South Africa. health sa gesondheid. 2017;22(1):252-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.hsag.2016.10.001]
6. Levi L. Spice of life or kiss of death? In C. L. Cooper (Ed.). Handbook of Stress, Medicine and Health, Boca Raton, Fl: CRC Press 1996; 1-10.
7. Reader TW, Mearns K, Lopes C, Kuha J. Organizational support for the workforce and employee safety citizenship behaviors: A social exchange relationship. Human Relations. 2017;70(3):362-85. [DOI:10.1177/0018726716655863]
8. Kurtessis JN, Eisenberger R, Ford MT, Buffardi LC, Stewart KA, Adis CS. Perceived organizational support: A meta-analytic evaluation of organizational support theory. Journal of Management. 2017;43(6):1854-84. [DOI:10.1177/0149206315575554]
9. Rhoades L, Eisenberger R. Perceived organizational support: A review of the literature. J Appl Psychol. 2002;87:698-714. [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.87.4.698]
10. Leenu N, Lakhwinder S. Role of Perceived Organizational Support in the Relationship between HR practices and organizational trust. Global Business Review. 2012;13(2):239-49. [DOI:10.1177/097215091201300204]
11. Mearns KL, Reader, T. Organizational support and safety outcomes: An un-investigated relationship? Safety Science. 2008;46(3):388-97. [DOI:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.05.002]
12. Reader TW, Mearns K, Lopes C, Kuha J. Organizational support for the workforce and employee safety citizenship behaviors: A social exchange relationship. Human Relations. 2017;70(3):362-85. [DOI:10.1177/0018726716655863]
13. Wong KC. Work support, psychological well-being and safety performance among nurses in Hong Kong. Psychol Health Med. 2018;23(8):958-63. [DOI:10.1080/13548506.2018.1437275]
14. Frahani H, Oreyzi HR. Advanced methods in human sciences. 2nd ed. Isfahan: University Jehad publications; 2005.
15. Hayes BE, Perander J, Smecko T, Trask J. Measuring perceptions of workplace safety: development and validation of the work safety scale. Journal of Safety Research. 1998;29(3):145-61. [DOI:10.1016/S0022-4375(98)00011-5]
16. Munteanu MR. Safety attitudes in the Ontario construction. University of Toronto; 2005. p.1-165.
17. Barling J, Loughlin C, Kelloway EK. Development and test of a model linking safety-specific transformational leadership and occupational safety. J Appl Psychol. 2002;87(3):488-96. [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.87.3.488]
18. Cohen S, Karmark T, Mermelstein RA. Global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983;24(4):385-96. [DOI:10.2307/2136404]
19. Teresa EA. Associations of mindfulness, perceived stress, and health behaviors in college freshmen. Arizona State University; 2008. p.1-91.
20. Baron RM, Kenny DA. The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychology research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1986;51(6):1173-82. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173]
21. Preacher KJ, Hayes AF. SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers. 2004;36(4):717-31. [DOI:10.3758/BF03206553]
22. Schaufeli WB, Bakker AB. Occupational demands, Occupational resources, and their relationship with burnout and engagement: A multi-sample study. J Organ Behav. 2004;25(3):293-315. [DOI:10.1002/job.248]
23. Van den Broeck A, Vansteenkiste M, De Witte H, Lens W. Explaining the relationships between Occupational characteristics, burnout, and engagement: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction. Work and Stress. 2008;22(3):277-94. [DOI:10.1080/02678370802393672]
24. Törner M, Pousette A, Larsman P, Hemlin S. Coping with paradoxical demands through an organizational climate of perceived organizational support: an empirical study among workers in construction and mining industry. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 2017;53(1):117-41. [DOI:10.1177/0021886316671577]
25. Giauque, D, Anderfuhren-Biget S, Varone F. Stress Perception in Public Organizations: Expanding the Occupational Demands-Occupational Resources Model by Including Public Service Motivation. Review of Public Personnel Administration. 2013; 33(1):58-83. [DOI:10.1177/0734371X12443264]
26. Vassos MV, Nankervis KL. Investigating the importance of various individual, interpersonal, organisational and demographic variables when predicting Occupational burnout in disability support workers. Res Dev Disabil. 2012;33(6):1780-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2012.04.016]
27. Diaz RT, Cabrera DD. Safety climate and attitude as evaluation measures of organizational safety. Accid Anal Prev. 1997;29(5):643-50. [DOI:10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00015-8]
28. Bhanthumnavin D. Perceived social support from supervisor and group members' psychological and situational characteristics as predictors of subordinate performance in Thai work units. Human Resource Development Quarterly. 2003;14(1):79-97. [DOI:10.1002/hrdq.1051]
29. Edwards MR, Peccei R. Perceived organizational support, organizational identification, and employee outcomes. Pers Psychol. 2012;9(1)17-26. [DOI:10.1027/1866-5888/a000007]
30. Biron M. Negative reciprocity and the association between perceived organizational ethical values and organizational. Human Relations. 2010;63(6):875-97. [DOI:10.1177/0018726709347159]
31. Huang YH, Chen PY, Krauss AD, Rogers A. Quality of the execution of corporate safety policies and employee safety outcomes: assessing the moderating role of supervisor safety support and the mediating role of employee safety control. Journal of Business and Psychology. 2004;18(4):483-506. [DOI:10.1023/B:JOBU.0000028448.01394.bf]
32. Gray-Stanley JAG, Muramatsu T, Heller T, Hughes S, Johnson T.P, Ramirez-Valles J. Work stress and depression among direct support professional: the role of work support and locus of control. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2010; 54(8):749-61. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01303.x]
33. Desouky D, Allam H. Occupational stress, anxiety and depression among Egyptian teachers. Journal of epidemiology and global health. 2017;7(3):191-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.jegh.2017.06.002]
34. Törner M, Pousette A, Larsman P, Hemlin S. Coping with paradoxical demands through an organizational climate of perceived organizational support: an empirical study among workers in construction and mining industry. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 2017;53(1):117-41. [DOI:10.1177/0021886316671577]
35. Hall DS. The relationship between supervisor support and registered nurse outcomes in nursing care units. Nurs Adm Q. 2007;31(1):68-80. [DOI:10.1097/00006216-200701000-00015]
36. Yea XQ, Chenb WQ, Lina JX, Wanqe RP, Zhange ZH, Yanqe X, Yua XQ. Effect of social support on psychological-stress-induced anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. J Psychosom Res. 2008;65(2):157-64. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.04.007]
37. Roberson M, Hunag E, Larson N. Examining the effects of workstation design satisfaction, computer, computer usage, supervisory and co-worker on perceived physical discomfort and psychological factors. Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers. 2009;56(24):88-94. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-02731-4_11]
38. Karasek Jr RA. Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly. 1979:285-308. [DOI:10.2307/2392498]
39. Brouwers A, Evers WJ, Tomic W. Self‐efficacy in eliciting social support and burnout among secondary‐school teachers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2001;31(7):1474-91. [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02683.x]
40. Asnani V, Pandey UD, Sawhney M. Social support and occupational health of working women. Journal of Health Management. 2004;6(2):129-39. [DOI:10.1177/097206340400600204]
41. André-Petersson L, Engström G, Hedblad B, Janzon L, Rosvall M. Social support at work and the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in women and men. Soc Sci Med. 2007;64(4):830-41. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.10.020]
42. Turner N, Stride CB, Carter AJ, McCaughey D, Carroll AE. Job Demands-Control-Support model and employee safety performance. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;45:811-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2011.07.005]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Ergonomics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb |