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Volume 3, Issue 4 (Journal of Ergonomics 2016)                   Iran J Ergon 2016, 3(4): 57-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Heydari P, Varmazyar S, Sabeti S, Jafari S, Ataei S. Effects of Music Genre and Sound Pressure Level on Calorie Consumption and Physical Performance of Students during Treadmill Tests. Iran J Ergon. 2016; 3 (4) :57-66
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-219-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Qhazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qhazvin, Iran. , Svarmazyar@qums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (14804 Views)

Introduction: Listening to music during physical activity reduces the perceived stress on body. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of music genre and sound pressure level on calorie consumption and physical performance of students during treadmill tests.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 27 students were randomly selected. A demographic questionnaire, Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale (RPE 6-20), and the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) were used for data collection. During flat and sloped treadmill running (five minutes at 6 km/hour), two pieces of music with fast and slow tempo (200 and 70 beat per minute) were also played at two sound pressure levels (60 and 80 dB). During the exercise, the students’ heart rate and calorie consumption were measured by a calorimeter (Beurer PM100). At each stage, the physical performance of the participants was estimated using the relevant equation.

Results: The students had the lowest physical performance (61.48) when no music was played and the highest physical performance (92.48) with slow, loud music. The mean heart rate, calorie consumption, and perceived exertion were maximized without music and minimized when slow, loud music was played.

Conclusion: Playing soft music at high sound pressure levels can promote physical performance during exercise by decreasing heart rate, calorie consumption, and perceived exertion.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Other Cases
Received: 2015/07/13 | Accepted: 2016/02/22 | ePublished: 2016/02/22

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