Volume 4, Issue 4 (Journal of Ergonomics 2017)                   Iran J Ergon 2017, 4(4): 57-67 | Back to browse issues page

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Dehnavi S, Vahedi A, Motamedzade torghabe M, Moghimbeigi A. The effects of ergonomic interventions in manual activities to reduce musculoskeletal disorders in manual activities by ManTRA. Iran J Ergon. 2017; 4 (4) :57-67
URL: http://journal.iehfs.ir/article-1-309-en.html
, a.vahedi62@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (12380 Views)


Introduction: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) occur when the pressure that applied to musculoskeletal tissue is/be more than tissue tolerant capabilities. This study aimed to assess the risk factors cause musculoskeletal disorders associated with manual tasks using ManTRA and conducted ergonomics intervention program(educational- engineering) among workers in the printing industry.

MethodS: In this interventional case-control study, 40 workers who performed manual tasks, ( 20 case group and 20 control group) were chosen and were investigated. Nordic Body Map was used to determine the intensity and position of pain in the Different part of the body.  ManTRA method was performed to evaluate cumulative scores in four regions of the body (wrist / hand / arm - shoulder / neck - back - lower limb) for each workers before and after the intervention. Data analysis was done using SPSS.

Results: Data analysis showed that mean intensity of  pain in the control group before and after intervention in the various regions of the body such as  head /neck (p=0.012), right shoulder/arm (p=0.012), left shoulder/arm(p=0.043), back (p=0.003), right hand / wrist (p=0.028), left hand / wrist (p=0.027), right knee/ hip (p=0.005), left knee/ hip (p=0.005), right leg (p=0.012) & left leg(p=0.028) were significant.Cumulative score was also significant in the body regions such as arm/wrist /hand (p=0.001) and shoulder /neck (p=0.001) before and after the interventional program.

Conclusion: On the basis of the findings of this study, it could be noted that the ergonomic interventional program was effective to reduce the intensity of pain in the various regions of the body and risk factors causing cumulative damage in the workplace.


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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/12 | Accepted: 2017/03/4 | ePublished: 2017/03/4

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